– Policy summary from Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum
Over many years, emissions of greenhouse gases have brought about significant changes in the climate – the melting of glaciers, the shrinking of the polar ice sheets and frequent heat waves. At a global level, leading politicians have accepted the goal that the rise in average global temperatures should not exceed two degrees Celsius. This means the OECD countries must reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by at least 50 per cent by 2050. How can a global and national climate policy be formulated in order to meet this objective?
In the first Swedish Economic Forum Report, Entrepreneurship and innovations for sustainable development, it is argued that a global policy for innovation and technology must be an integrated part of the struggle to limit the rise in global warming. The failure to undertake measures today that could lead to the future stabilisation of the climate cannot be justified on grounds of either cost or uncertainty. However a new and stricter Kyoto Protocol will not be sufficient in itself to free the world from its dependence on fossil fuel.
The negotiations at the Copenhagen climate conference in December 2009 failed to live up to expectations and were unable to reach agreement on a new binding treaty to limit future emissions. The threat to the climate and the policies to be followed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and global warming will continue to concern us in the decades ahead.
The authors who have contributed to the Swedish Economic Forum Report 2009 are Christian Berggren, Linköping University, Karl Johan Bonnedahl, Umeå School of Business and Economics, Pontus Braunerhjelm (ed.) Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Jessica Eriksson, Umeå School of Business and Economics, Mats Greaker, Statistics Norway and University of Gothenburg, Michael Hoel, University of Oslo, Fredrik Lagergren, KTH Executive School and Patrik Söderholm, Luleå University of Technology.